Thought of the day

Wednesday, 12 December 2007

Indian Calendar

Indian Calendar is based on Solar & lunar progression. It’s called samwat divided into 12 months.

Name of months:
Every month (called mas) begins with new moon (called shukla-pratipada). Names of the months are based on consttelations in which full moon appears. Samwat begins with Chaitra Mas Shukla-Partipada. Names of Consttelations & respective months are as under:

Chitra – Chaitr – March, April
Vishakha – Vaisakh – April, May
Jyeshtha – Jyeshth – May, June
Poorva Ashada – Ashad – June, July
Shravana – Sharavan/ Sawan – July, August
Poorva Bhadrapada – Bhadrapad – August, September
Ashwini – Ashwin – September, October
Kritika – Kartik – October, November
Mrigshira – Margshish – November, December
Pushya – Paush – December, January
Magha – Magh – January, February
Poorva Phalguni – Phalgun – February, March

To fine tune between solar & lunar years 7 months are added during a span of 19 years. Thus there is an extra month after every 3 year, called Adhik (extra) Mas.

Name of dates:
Every mas has two paksha (15 days) in a month – Krishna (dark/black) & Shukla (bright/light) paksha

Shukla Paksha – from New moon till Full moon
Krishna Paksha – from Full Moon to Amavasya (last quarter ends)

Names of 15 days in a paksha are as under:
1 – Pratipada
2 – Dwitiya
3 – Tritiya
4 – Chaturthi
5 – Panchami
6 – Shashthi
7 – Saptami
8 – Ashtami
9 – Navami
10 – Dashami
11 – Ekadashi
12 – Dwadashi
13 – Tryodashi
14 – Chaturdashi
15 – Poornima (Full Moon)
30 – Amavasya (end of last quarter)

Name of seasons:
There are total 6 seasons within 12 months. In Hinduism all festivities are in accordance to the seasons (weather).

Vasant/Basant – Spring – Vasantotsav (holi), Shivratri, Navratri
Grishm – Summer
Varsha – Rain
Sharat – Autumn – Shivratri, Navratri, Vijay-Dashmi, Deepawali
Hemant – Winter –
Shishir – Cool – Lohri,

If you want to seek any further information related to the subject, may write in to
Sanjay Gulati Musafir

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2 comments:

  1. Is there any software that converts indian calendar to english(julian) calendar.
    i want to know the english date corresponding to 32 sravan, 1392

    ReplyDelete
  2. Dear Ronnie
    No software sa such known to me for conversion!

    Prashra Light ,and few more, software for making horoscopes accepts dates in Indian calander and then converts to Julian calander! In process date could be found!

    ReplyDelete

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Sanjay Gulati Musafir

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